bharatbhasha.com
Free Articles  >>  Travel >>  Page 486  >> 

The Layout of the Village Thailand Part 3





Buddhism accounts for much of the Thai psychological make-up. For example, the commonly expressed mai pen rai (or ‘never mind, it doesn’t matter’) when something unfortunate occurs springs from the feeling that one must gracefully submit to external forces beyond one’s control – such as the effects of past karma.

Although highly individualistic, resisting regimentation, Thais nevertheless realise that inner freedom is best preserved in an emotionally and physically stable environment. Therefore, they believe, social harmony is best maintained by avoiding any unnecessary friction or turbulence in their contacts with others. Accordingly, the strong Thai feeling of krengjai means an extreme reluctance to impose on anyone or disturb his personal equilibrium by direct criticism, challenge or confrontation. In general, people will do their utmost to avoid personal conflict.

Outward expressions of anger are also regarded as dangerous to social harmony and obvious signs of ignorance, crudity and immaturity. Indeed, during normal social intercourse, strong public displays of dismay, despair, displeasure, disapproval or enthu-siasm are frowned upon. Accordingly, the person who is serenely indifferent (choei choei) will be respected for what is considered an important virtue.

Within such a behavioural framework, Thais share very definite views on what constitutes friendship and enjoyment. Sincere friendship among Thais is extremely intense; the language is rich in expressions which reflect the degree of involvement and willing self-sacrifice such relationships entail particularly among men. A “puean tai”-literally “death friend”- is a companion for whom it would be an honour to die. Should a friend become involved in difficulties, his friend feels obliged to assist him, regardless of the danger to himself, because “tong chuay puean”-“One must help one’s friends”. This requirement is a sensitive point of honour.

On the level of acquaintanceship, politeness predominates. In a gesture frequently misinterpreted by visitors as flattery, a person who has put on a little weight will find himself being told he looks thinner.

The purpose of such remarks is not to ingratiate, but to relax an acquaintance with what is intended as a pleasant remark that will make him feel good, and thus make the social situation more comfortable.

A quality valued by Thais in all inter-personal relationships is namjai –“water of the heart”- an untranslatable concept that lies somewhere between compassion and Shakespeare’s “the milk of human kind-ness”. A stranger visiting a village will seldom be seen as an intruder and a subject for suspicion and distrust. Much more likely, the villagers will have the namjai to take him in, feed him, offer him a bed in one of their homes, and generally treat him as a friend.

Enjoyment of any activity is gauged by kwam sanuk – the pleasure or fun to be had in doing that particular activity. Going to temple festivals, meeting old friends, enjoying one’s favourite food, finding a new work routine, climbing a tree to pick a fruit, preparing merit-making ceremonies are all sanuk. Mindless, repetitive work, standard routines, any activity involving drudgery or, equally disastrous, boredom, are very defi-nitely mai sanuk –“no fun”.

Kwam sanuk often stands behind a decision to pai tiao (literally ‘to go around’). Generally, pal Liao means travel, which all Thais love. More specifically, it means leaving the house for relaxation or diversion : curiously wandering around markets, visiting neighbouring villages, walking across fields, taking the evening air, visiting popular shrines, going to an out-of-the-way restaurant famous for its succulent duck noodles, or ambling through crowded festivals to talk with strangers. Pai tiao almost always involves informal socializing which is inevitably sanuk.

Another cohesive force in Thai society is a sense of sincere personal concern for even casual acquaintances. Generally, Thais are eager to learn about others’ intimate affairs and have no inhibitions about asking personal questions. This is not done to embarrass people or gather data for gossip but is actually an authentic expression of friendly interest.
About Author Manora :

<a href="http://konruk.net/photos/show/admin/4510" target="_blank">http://konruk.net/photos/show/admin/4510</a> <a href="http://konruk.net/photos/show/admin/4509" target="_blank">http://konruk.net/photos/show/admin/4509</a> <a href="http://konruk.net/photos/show/admin/4508" target="_blank">http://konruk.net/photos/show/admin/4508</a>


Article Source: https://www.bharatbhasha.com
Article Url: https://www.bharatbhasha.com/travel.php/198217


Article Added on Sunday, December 20, 2009
LD
Other Articles by Manora

The Layout of the Village Thailand Part 2
Enjoying the respect and prestige of a democratically elected official, the ideal village headman preserves social harmony by skilfully settling minor disputes, carefully ensuring that neither party feels cheated or loses face. He gives sympathetic attention to complaints and initiates various co-operative undertakings like maintaining the temple grounds, schools, roads and irrigation ditches. Finally, the pu-yai-ban acts as village recorder keeping birth and death records and speaking...

The Layout of the Village Thailand
The layout of the village For reasons of protection and efficient administration, village houses are commonly arranged in compact groupings. Most houses are elevated on stilts to avoid flooding and unwelcome animal intruders. Moreover, the stilts give an added sense of security since they make burglary more difficult. Security considerations aside, villagers are also more comfortable in their raised homes than they would be on the ground, since the elevation improves air circulation and keeps...

Buddhism Thailand Part 2
Buddhism gained wide acceptance because its emphasis on tolerance and individual initiative complemented the Thais’ cherished inner freedom. Fundamentally, Buddhism is an empirical way of life. Free of dogma, it is a flexible moral, ethical and philosophical framework within which people find room to fashion their own salvations. Sukhothai’s King Ramkamhaeng (1275-1317) established Theravada Buddhism as Thailand's dominant religion. The elder of two major Buddhist schools and closest to the...

Buddhism Thailand Part 3
As in medieval Europe, most early Thai scholars were clerics whose major monastic activity was to teach the unlettered. Behind the quiet facade of monastic life, many village boys learned the rudiments of reading and writing Thai and Pali, simple arithmetic and the Buddhist precepts. Education was primarily concerned with ethical and religious instruction. Because most early Thai literature concerned religion, literacy allowed greater participation in religious life. Although the Department...

Village Cycles The Seasonal Cycle The Thai Villagers Life Part 2
Family members are usually home by five. The animals are brought to the house, fed and tethered. At seven or so the whole family gathers around a kerosene lamp to eat supper and then review the day, chatting together for some time or visiting neigh-bours. By nine the household is asleep. Unless it is the rainy season (the time for night fishing) or a festival is in progress, the entire village is dark, still and quiet from nine until five the following morning. During periods of intensive...

The Land and Its People Thailand Part 3
Cherishig personal independence, and seeking to escape the Chinese yoke, compact groups of Thais had migrated southward and settled in northern Thailand centuries before Kublai Khan’s 1253 conquest of Nanchao. The counter-theory holds that the Thais originated in Thailand and were driven northwards by numerically superior Khmers and Mons. There, in Yunnan, the Thais developed their own distinctive culture. Later, under pressure from China’s 11th and 12th century Mongolian conquerors, the Thais...

Thai Individual Life Cycles
A Thai baby officially becomes ‘some-one’ after its name is chosen-frequently by the village abbot-and entered in the village headman’s records. Soon after birth the child will be given a nickname, usually a colour, attribute or even an animal name suggested by his physical characteristics. Intimates will continue to call him/her by this name for the rest of his life. Childhood is a cossetted, carefree time. By the age of four, children regularly meet to play beyond the family compound. Boys...

The Land and Its People Thailand Part 2
A natural, self-contained geopolitical unit, this river basin was destined to play a central role in Thailand’s development becoming historically and agriculturally as important to the Thais as the Nile is to the Egyptians. Later, it would become the Thai heartland and contain future Thai capitals and for centuries, remain the major means of transport and communications. Eventually, it would be transformed into an intricately terraced, irrigated rice bowl figuring among the most fertile areas...

Thai Individual Life Cycles Part 2
After marriage, every couple eagerly awaits the birth of its first child, children having a high position in rural and cultural values - obviously, there is strength in numbers, a vital sense of continuity is ensured, and many hands make farming activities easier. Almost inevitably a child is born during the first year of marriage. Often there exists an unspoken preference for boys since they alone may be ordained to gain merit for themselves and their parents. The pregnant mother frequently...

The Land and Its People Thailand
The world’s oldest civilization was flourishing in Thailand at least 5,600 years ago. Recent archaeological discoveries in the tiny, plateau hamlet of Ban Chieng, 500 kilometres northeast of Bangkok, provide compelling evidence of a civilization 600 years older than the ancient Tigris-Euphates valley settlements, hitherto regarded as mankind’s first “Cradle of Culture”. Systematic excavation of burial mounds in Ban Chieng and surrounding areas has unearthed an 18-ton treasure of artifacts...

Click here to see More Articles by Manora
Publishers / Webmasters
Article ID: 198217
DELINK URL from Authors Bio
REMOVE Article
Tell A Friend
Leave A Comment!
Download this article in PDF
Report Article!
Search through all the articles:


207 Users Online!!
Related Articles:
Latest Articles:
 
Travel >> Top 50 Articles on Travel
Category - >
Advertising Advice Affiliate Programs Automobiles
Be Your Own Mentor Careers Communication Consumers
CopyWriting Crime Domain Names DoT com Entrepreneur Corner
Ebooks Ecommerce Education Email
Entertainment Environment Family Finance And Business
Food & Drink Gardening Health & Fitness Hobbies
Home Business Home Improvement Humour House Holds
Internet And Computers Kiddos and Teens Legal Matters Mail Order
Management Marketing Marriage MetaPhysical
Motivational MultiMedia Multi Level Marketing NewsLetters
Pets Psychology Religion Parenting
Politics Sales Science Search Engine Optimization
Site Promotion Sports Technology Travel
Web Development Web Hosting WeightLoss Women's Corner
Writing Miscellaneous Articles Real Estate Arts And Crafts
Aging


Disclaimer: The information presented and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the views of bharatbhasha.com and/or its owners.


Copyright © AwareINDIA. All rights reserved || Privacy Policy || Terms Of Use || Author Guidelines || Free Articles
FAQs Link To Us || Submit An Article || Free Downloads|| Contact Us || Site Map  || Advertise with Us ||
Click here for Special webhosting packages for visitors of this website only!
Vastu Shastra

Web Hosting Provided By AwareIndia







Company IDS