bharatbhasha.com
Free Articles  >>  Travel >>  Page 502  >> 

The Land and Its People Thailand





The world’s oldest civilization was flourishing in Thailand at least 5,600 years ago.

Recent archaeological discoveries in the tiny, plateau hamlet of Ban Chieng, 500 kilometres northeast of Bangkok, provide compelling evidence of a civilization 600 years older than the ancient Tigris-Euphates valley settlements, hitherto regarded as mankind’s first “Cradle of Culture”.

Systematic excavation of burial mounds in Ban Chieng and surrounding areas has unearthed an 18-ton treasure of artifacts including an impressively wide range of bronze and iron tools and jewellery. Incised black pottery; handsome, hand-painted red-on-cream pots adomed with intricate fingerprint whorl pattems; ceramic figurines, and stone and glass beads abounded.

From archaeological evidence, it has been surmised that Ban Chieng hosted an agrarian society whose knowledge of metallurgy was so advanced it produced bronze artifacts six centuries befor anyone else-and married bronze and iron to fashion bi-metallic tools and utensils hundreds of years before the Chinese.

Ban Chieng artists and potters were equally accomplished. People dressed well and printed their own silk textiles using intricately-pattemed clay rollers. They lived in sturdy houses and used domesticated cattle to cultivate their rice paddies.

Easily accessible only from the southem Gulf-of-Thailand coast and the southeast (present-day Cambodia), the Menam Chao Phya basin was well protected from excessive outside influence and sudden, massive incursions of new settlers.

The widespread variety of pots and scarcity of offensive weapons strongly indicate a stable, peaceful society whose sophistication in metal technology, pottery crafting and plant and animal husbandry would have required at least 2,000 years of prior development.

The origins of the Ban Chieng people remain a mystery and have engendered a great deal of leamed speculation. Some scholars believe they may have come from present-day northem Vietnam, and discovered the bronze-making process after they arrived. Others contend that they were indigenous to the area.

What is certain is that they flourished in the Ban Chieng region because of its fertile soil and gigantic forests that contained abundant fuel and wildlife. Another factor was its gentle weather that both eliminated the need for elaborate housing and permitted year-round farming.

Unhappily, the Ban Chieng people’s farming methods were considerably less sophisticated than their metallurgy. Using the primitive and ecologically rapacious method of slash-and-bum, eventual deforestation and resultant soil exhaustion forced them off the northeast plateau – which remains arid and relatively infertile to the present day – and down into the rich Menam Chao Phya Valley to the west.

There they encountered a Neolithic people who first produced bronze around 2,000 B.C. These valley people were most probably an indigenous proto-Malay tribe that later moved southward under pressure from the Ban Chieng people and sub-sequent southward migrations from China.

Verdant and abundantly stocked with fish and birds, the incredibly fertile Chao Phya river basin attracted several successive waves of immigrants.

The Menam (‘Mother of Water’ or ‘River’) Chao Phya basin covers most of modern central and northern Thailand and is bordered to the west by rugged Burmese mountains, to the north by lofty mountains separating southern China from the Southeast Asian mainland, and to the east by the high, sprawling plateau settled by the Ban Chieng people.
About Author Manora :

<a href="http://konruk.net/photos/show/saro_cmos/4357" target="_blank">http://konruk.net/photos/show/saro_cmos/4357</a> <a href="http://konruk.net/photos/show/saro_cmos/4356" target="_blank">http://konruk.net/photos/show/saro_cmos/4356</a> <a href="http://konruk.net/photos/show/saro_cmos/4355" target="_blank">http://konruk.net/photos/show/saro_cmos/4355</a>


Article Source: https://www.bharatbhasha.com
Article Url: https://www.bharatbhasha.com/travel.php/189243


Article Added on Sunday, November 22, 2009
LD
Other Articles by Manora

The Land and Its People Thailand Part 2
A natural, self-contained geopolitical unit, this river basin was destined to play a central role in Thailand’s development becoming historically and agriculturally as important to the Thais as the Nile is to the Egyptians. Later, it would become the Thai heartland and contain future Thai capitals and for centuries, remain the major means of transport and communications. Eventually, it would be transformed into an intricately terraced, irrigated rice bowl figuring among the most fertile areas...

The Land and Its People Thailand Part 3
Cherishig personal independence, and seeking to escape the Chinese yoke, compact groups of Thais had migrated southward and settled in northern Thailand centuries before Kublai Khan’s 1253 conquest of Nanchao. The counter-theory holds that the Thais originated in Thailand and were driven northwards by numerically superior Khmers and Mons. There, in Yunnan, the Thais developed their own distinctive culture. Later, under pressure from China’s 11th and 12th century Mongolian conquerors, the Thais...

The Layout of the Village Thailand Part 2
Enjoying the respect and prestige of a democratically elected official, the ideal village headman preserves social harmony by skilfully settling minor disputes, carefully ensuring that neither party feels cheated or loses face. He gives sympathetic attention to complaints and initiates various co-operative undertakings like maintaining the temple grounds, schools, roads and irrigation ditches. Finally, the pu-yai-ban acts as village recorder keeping birth and death records and speaking...

Buddhism Thailand Part 2
Buddhism gained wide acceptance because its emphasis on tolerance and individual initiative complemented the Thais’ cherished inner freedom. Fundamentally, Buddhism is an empirical way of life. Free of dogma, it is a flexible moral, ethical and philosophical framework within which people find room to fashion their own salvations. Sukhothai’s King Ramkamhaeng (1275-1317) established Theravada Buddhism as Thailand's dominant religion. The elder of two major Buddhist schools and closest to the...

Buddhism Thailand
Buddhism: More than 500 years before the birth of Jesus Christ, the Indian Prince Siddhartha Gautama attained Enlightenment and founded the great Eastern religion, Buddhism. Gradually spreading through Asia, Buddhism became the dominant spiritual force in Sikkim, Bhutan, Tibet, Mongolia, Ceylon, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Korea and Japan, where it was responsible for moulding attitudes, tempering morality, colouring customs and inspiring some of the world's finest art,...

Buddhism Thailand Part 3
As in medieval Europe, most early Thai scholars were clerics whose major monastic activity was to teach the unlettered. Behind the quiet facade of monastic life, many village boys learned the rudiments of reading and writing Thai and Pali, simple arithmetic and the Buddhist precepts. Education was primarily concerned with ethical and religious instruction. Because most early Thai literature concerned religion, literacy allowed greater participation in religious life. Although the Department...

Spices Thai Food Galangal Nutmeg Tree And Krachai
Galangal Scientific name:Alpinia galangal (L.) Willd. Family:ZINGIBERACEAE Vernacular name:Kha Galangal is one of the members of the ginger family. It is the rhizome of a plant Alpinia galangal(L.)Willd. The plant is about 1-2 metres high and has long arrow leaves and small white, red-streaked flowers. The rhizomes arc knobbly and ginger-like which are deep orange-brown in colour, aromatic, pungent and bitter. Dried rhzome pieces are tougher and woodier than dried ginger. It is used in...

Tea Herbal Tea
Tea Tea, a drink made from herbs, could be divided into two types. First is the tea made from green tea leaves. Second, is the one made from other parts of herbal plants including petals, fruits, bark or roots. To make a cup of tea, we use heating water to bring out certain characters of herbs in a brief period. Thus it helps us avoid an excessive amount of natural chemicals, and at the same time, reserve nice aroma and taste. Western countries are becoming more fond of herbal beverage. As...

The Layout of the Village Thailand
The layout of the village For reasons of protection and efficient administration, village houses are commonly arranged in compact groupings. Most houses are elevated on stilts to avoid flooding and unwelcome animal intruders. Moreover, the stilts give an added sense of security since they make burglary more difficult. Security considerations aside, villagers are also more comfortable in their raised homes than they would be on the ground, since the elevation improves air circulation and keeps...

Village Cycles The Seasonal Cycle The Thai Villagers Life Part 2
Family members are usually home by five. The animals are brought to the house, fed and tethered. At seven or so the whole family gathers around a kerosene lamp to eat supper and then review the day, chatting together for some time or visiting neigh-bours. By nine the household is asleep. Unless it is the rainy season (the time for night fishing) or a festival is in progress, the entire village is dark, still and quiet from nine until five the following morning. During periods of intensive...

Click here to see More Articles by Manora
Publishers / Webmasters
Article ID: 189243
DELINK URL from Authors Bio
REMOVE Article
Tell A Friend
Leave A Comment!
Download this article in PDF
Report Article!
Search through all the articles:


100 Users Online !
Related Articles:
Latest Articles:
 
Travel >> Top 50 Articles on Travel
Category - >
Advertising Advice Affiliate Programs Automobiles
Be Your Own Mentor Careers Communication Consumers
CopyWriting Crime Domain Names DoT com Entrepreneur Corner
Ebooks Ecommerce Education Email
Entertainment Environment Family Finance And Business
Food & Drink Gardening Health & Fitness Hobbies
Home Business Home Improvement Humour House Holds
Internet And Computers Kiddos and Teens Legal Matters Mail Order
Management Marketing Marriage MetaPhysical
Motivational MultiMedia Multi Level Marketing NewsLetters
Pets Psychology Religion Parenting
Politics Sales Science Search Engine Optimization
Site Promotion Sports Technology Travel
Web Development Web Hosting WeightLoss Women's Corner
Writing Miscellaneous Articles Real Estate Arts And Crafts
Aging


Disclaimer: The information presented and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the views of bharatbhasha.com and/or its owners.


Copyright © AwareINDIA. All rights reserved || Privacy Policy || Terms Of Use || Author Guidelines || Free Articles
FAQs Link To Us || Submit An Article || Free Downloads|| Contact Us || Site Map  || Advertise with Us ||
Click here for Special webhosting packages for visitors of this website only!
Vastu Shastra

India Hosting Services Provided By AwareIndia







Company IDS