The particle theorists' explanation of the fundamental forces -
1) Explanation of the force of repulsion -
'In quantum mechanics, the forces or interactions between matter particles are all supposed to be carried by particles of integer spin - 0, 1, or 2. What happens is that a matter particle, such as an electron or a quark, emits a force - carrying particle. The recoil from this emission changes the velocity of the matter particle. The force - carrying particle then collides with another matter particle and is absorbed. This collision changes the velocity of the second particle, just as if there had been a force between the two matter particles.' ( See Hawking 1996, p. 90 )
2) Explanation of the force of attraction -
It is the same as the description of the force of attraction. For example,
'The gravitational force of the sun on the earth is pictured in particle theories as being caused by the emission of a graviton by a particle in the sun and its absorption by a particle in the earth.' ( See Hawking 1996, p. 217 )
a) Deficiency -
With reference to the particle theorists' description of the force of repulsion it is quite simple to see that its explanation of the force of attraction is totally inadequate. By the emission and absorption of graviton the two matter particles would rather go away ( or be repulsed ) from each other.
b) Principal deficiency -
The particle theorists' model does not at all explain how the matter particle, that emits a force - carrying particle, realises the presence of the other matter particle. In other words, the model does not explain how the emitter of the force - carrying particle knows when to emit a particle.
The Superultramodern Explanation -
According to the NSTP (Non - Spatial Thinking Process) theory any basic force of attraction or repulsion is just a form of spatial illusion to non - spatial observer/s, where the illusion is modulated or orderly governed by some superhuman thoughts also existing in the form of non-spatial feelings. Any experimental evidence in support of the particle theorists' explanation is also a form of orderly spatial illusion.
The NSTP theory is at the centre of superultramodern science. (Invention of Kedar Joshi (b.1979), Cambridge, UK)
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