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Pet Care The Proper Nutrition For a Healthy and Beautiful Skin and Coat

For a healthy skin and coat, pets need the proper nutrition which includes vitamins, minerals, protein, and fat. A healthy skin and coat is also a good sign that dogs and cats are internally healthy and are getting the right nutrients to make them live a long and happy life.

Understanding Skin and Coat

The primary purpose of a pets coat is to protect the skin, which in turns protects the pets body. Skin and hair keeps things from entering the body which may be harmful for the pet such as bacteria and viruses. It also keeps the pets body warm and protects the body from water and heat. A dog or cats coat is composed almost entirely of protein. If your pets coat is weak, brittle, and dry, and hair keeps falling out then this may be a sign that your pet is not getting adequate protein in his or her diet. The pets skin, on the other hand, is made of squamous cellsflat cells that are tightly packed together. Squamous cells are composed of tough membranes that are made of fats and proteins. When your pet lacks the adequate nutrients, their skins cell membranes weaken which allows water to escape. When this happens, it is easy for viruses and bacteria to enter the skin and the body.


Proteins can be found in plants and animal. Proteins found in animals contain all of the essential amino acids that pat cats and dogs need while proteins found in plants may contain only some of the essential amino acids. For optimal health, dogs and cats need animal-based proteins in their diet. All kinds of meat are rich in proteins.


Fats can be found in both plants and animals and are incorporated in skin cells as fatty acids. For healthy skin and coat, pets need two kinds of essential fatty acids: linoleic acid and arachidonic acid, both categorized as omega-6 fatty acids. Linoleic acid maintains and conditions the skin and coat of dogs and cats. Without adequate lionleic acid, their coat may become cry, dull, and they may experience hair loss. Their skin may also become greasy and prone to skin inflammation. Arachidonic acid is essential for cats to maintain a normal and healthy skin and coat. These omega-6 fatty acids can be found in animal tissues such as chicken fat, as well as in vegetable oils such as soybean and corn.

Most commercial cat and dog food already contain the required amounts of omega-6 fatty acids. The downside of omega-6 fatty acids is that it can be converted to compounds that make the pets skin prone to inflammation. Thus, omega-6 should be balanced with omega-3 fatty acids, which can counter the inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in the oils of fish and in some plants such as flax and canola. Research has shown that a healthy ratio of fat sources in a pets diet is a five to ten omega-6 fatty acids to one omega-3 fatty acids for a shiny coat and healthy skin.

Vitamins and Minerals

The development of healthy skin and coat in pets also requires adequate vitamins and minerals. A complete and balanced diet of animal-based and plant-based ingredients will provide all the required daily vitamins and minerals, and is a better than giving your pet supplements.
About Author Brent McNutt :

Brent McNutt enjoys talking about urbane scrubs: <a href="" target="_blank"></a> and landau scrubs: <a href="" target="_blank"></a> and networking with healthcare professionals online.

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Article Added on Sunday, September 25, 2011
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