Different Types of Loans
A loan is an amount of money that one party gives to another. The party that gives money is known as lender and the one that receives money is known as borrower. Lenders have surplus funds that they lend to borrowers who have an urgent need of money. In return, lenders charge borrowers a fee known as interest.
There are several types of loans:
Secured & Unsecured Loans
Secured loans are loans that require borrowers to offer their property as collateral. This reduces the risk for lenders and they charge low rates of interest. Unsecured loans, on the other hand, do not require collateral and consequently, they carry high rates of interest.
Fixed Rate & Adjustable Rate Loans
In case of fixed rate loans, the rate of interest remains the same all along the loan period. As a result of this, the amount of monthly payments remains the same throughout the loan period irrespective of changes in the interest rates prevalent in the market. On the other hand, the rate of interest on adjustable rate loans and monthly payments keep changing as the interest rates prevalent in the market fluctuate.
Hybrid loans are a combination of fixed rate and adjustable rate loans. In the beginning, the rate of interest is fixed. After a few years, the interest rate becomes adjustable and starts fluctuating.
In case of balloon loans, the borrower has to pay a very small amount of monthly installments so that a large unpaid balance remains at the end of the loan period. This large unpaid balance is repaid at once when the loan period expires.
Home Equity Loans
A home equity loan is a second mortgage loan that is taken when your house is already mortgaged and you are in a need of more funds. Home equity is the value left in a house after subtracting the unpaid mortgage balance from the current value of the house.
Debt Consolidation Loan
A debt consolidation loan is a loan taken to consolidate a number of loans into one manageable loan. A debt consolidation loan can help you in reducing the cost of your total debt as it usually carries a lower rate of interest than your existing loans.
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Article Added on Wednesday, December 14, 2005
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