Prostate gland play an important role in the male reproductive system. The glands are located underneath the bladder in front of the rectum. Their role is to carry the sperm. In men, sometimes the prostate gland becomes enlarged and cancerous causing severe health complications. The urine flows from the bladder via the urethra. Upon enlargement of the prostate gland, the flow of urine is blocked through the urethra. The cells of the prostate multiply resulting in its enlargement and at the same time putting more pressure on the urethra. As the urethra narrows, more pressure is required to pass out the urine. It starts contracting even when it contains small amounts of urine, causing a need to urinate frequently. Eventually, the muscles of the bladder losses its capacity to empty the bladder completely leading to health complications. In some cases, the cells of the prostrate becomes malignant causing prostate cancer. In both the conditions, surgery is required to remove the prostrate. Although the decision of surgery is taken depending on the severity.
What is Prostrate Surgery?
Surgery for partial or complete removal of the prostate is called a prostatectomy or prostrate removal surgery. It is required in cases like prostate cancer, enlarged prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
For the enlarged prostrate, prostrate removal surgery known as Transurethral resection of the prostate is carried out. In the surgery, the excess tissues of the prostrate are removed that blocks up the urine. TURP uses a combined visual and surgical instrument called the resectoscope. The resectoscope is inserted via the penis tip into the urethra. As the prostate surrounds the urethra, the excess tissues can be removed easily from here. This type of prostrate removal surgery is carried for men with severe urinary problems. TURP is known as the most effective treatment for an enlarged prostate. The procedure is minimally invasive causing fewer complications and a quicker recovery. The only risk with the procedure is chances of high bleeding. It is not recommended for men who take blood-thinning medications.
For prostate cancer, the prostrate is to be removed. It can be removed by a laparoscopic or Endoscopic surgery. In the laser surgery, a fibre optic scope is used to remove the tissues of the prostrate by incisions. In the endoscopic surgery, a long, flexible tube with a light and lens is used to remove the parts of the prostate gland. It is less invasive with no side effects.
Diet tips to prevent from prostate cancer -
Prostate cancer and enlarged prostate can be prevented by following a healthy diet and lifestyle. Some of the best diet tips that can prevent the chances of prostrate removal surgery:
1.Consume at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables. As they are rich in fibre and help in increasing the metabolism.
2.Include fibre intake. Choose whole grain bread and whole grain cereals in your daily diet. Fibrous food helps to increase the growth and makes you healthy.
3.Reduce and limit the consumption of beef, pork, lamb, and goat, and processed meat. Include fish, skinless poultry, beans, and eggs as other sources of protein in your diet. Protein helps to repair and fight infection and prevent muscle loss. Include good sources of protein in you daily diet.
4.Eliminate the hydrogenated fats present in fast foods and packaged foods. Choose healthy nuts and olive oil in your diet. Eat almonds, walnuts, pecans, and avocadoes for the consuming the fat.
5.Consume flax seeds. Flaxseeds are tiny brown seeds containing omega-3 fatty acids and a fiber compound called lignans. Both of them have a protective effect. Researchers suggest flax seeds slow down the progression of prostate cancer when included as part of a low-fat diet.
6.Limit the saturated fat present in the dairy products. Consumption of large amounts of dairy products as they increase the chance of prostate cancer. Researches say whole milk increases the risk of progression to fatal prostate cancer. Even skimmed and low-fat milks also increments the risk of low-grade stages of the disease. Try to consume less quantities of dairy products.
7.Alcohol abuse develops high risk of prostate cancer. Consuming more than 3 drinks a day or more than 20 drinks a week causes a high risk of prostate cancer. Cut down the drinks to a minimum level to stay away from the disease.
8.Limit the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks like sodas and fruit juices. Limit the sweet in your diet. Sweet adds empty calories and may increase even increase the body weight.
9.Cut down on the salt intake. Choose food items that contain low amount of sodium. Canned and frozen foods are rich in salt so try to exclude them from your diet.
10.Soy is another excellent food item for preventing prostate diseases. Soy is proved to slow down the rate of the growth of prostate cancer and even prevents it. It contains Isoflavones, also known as phytoestrogens which prevents prostrate growth. They have estrogen-like effects which inhibits the growth of prostate cancer tumors. It is also a good source of protein and should be a part of a healthy diet.
Prostrate removal surgery is a minimal invasive surgery needed to remove of the urinary complications related to prostrate gland. If you are patient suffering from enlarged prostrate than you should go for a prostrate removal surgery after consulting your doctor. The side effects of the surgery are minimal. Even the recovery time is less so one can go for it easily as per the requirement. Additionally, one should always keep an eye on the food intake if you are already suffering from prostrate complications.
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Article Added on Friday, April 7, 2017
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