Free Articles  >>  Gardening >> 

BigTreeSupply com The Unique Characteristics of Tree Bark

Bark is a type of tissue that grows over a tree’s wood. It has both an inner and outer layer. The inner layer is living tissue, and the outer layer is dead tissue. Trees use bark for protection. It helps move nutrients throughout the tree, and stores tree wastes in its resin and dead cells.

Just like flowers and leaves, tree bark has many unique qualities and characteristics, and can be used to help identify a tree’s species. There are more than a dozen terms used to describe bark, including smooth, peeling, cracked, scaly, ring and different types of cork. A tree’s trunk bark often looks different than the bark of it branches or stems.

Maple tree varieties have one of the largest variations in bark. The Rocky Mountain maple (Acer glabrum), also called the Douglas maple, is an ornamental tree native to the Pacific Northwest with a tight and smooth grayish bark. The bark of the vine maple (Acer circinatum) has a red hue, and big leaf maples (Acer macrophyllum) have grey or reddish brown bark that develops shallow groves and ridges when the tree matures.

The autumn blaze maple (Acer x freemanii 'Jeffsred'—a hybrid cross between a silver maple and a red maple tree) has reddish bark, while the bark of the Crimson Sentry Maple (Acer platanoides 'Crimson Sentry') is black and furrowed. The paperbark maple (Acer griseum) has a paper-like bark that peels.

Most pine trees have a thick, scaly bark. There are also some species of pines with thin bark that flakes. Pine bark extract, which is made from mature pine trees, is considered a strong antioxidant. The bark of the Zebrina Pine (Pinus wallichiana 'Zebrina') is a gray-brown that develops grooves and a plate appearance as the tree gets older. The western white pine (Pinus monticola) bark is dark. As the tree matures, the bark breaks up into small rectangles. The Jefferey pine (Pinus Jeffreyi) has flakey bark that looks like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. As the tree gets older, the color of the bark turns a red-brown.

The bark of the Japanese Plume Cedar trees (Cryptomeria japonica 'Elegans') are a red-brown color that peels vertically in long strips. The Zebrina cedar tree (Thuja plicata 'Zebrina'), a type of western red cedar, has fibrous reddish-brown bark. The excelsa cedar tree (Thuja plicata ‘Excelsa’), is known both for its scented wood and cracked-looking bark.

Dogwood tree bark has a scaly appearance and can be easily peeled from the tree. The Satomi Dogwood (Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi') has gray peeling bark. On mature trees, the bark of the Chinensis dogwood (Cornus kousa var. chinensis) is a mottled tan and gray.

Tree bark has been used for spices, medicine, resin, latex and cork, and to make rope, canoes and cloth. It has also been made into shingles or other types of wall coverings.

If you are planning on purchasing a big tree for your landscape, learn more about tree bark from a big trees specialist. An expert in big trees can give you tips and advice on what type of tree to purchase for your environment.
About Author Nancy Penrose :

Nancy Penrose is owner of Big Trees Inc. ( in Snohomish, WA, one of the largest Seattle tree nurseries (see inventory at, specializing in tree transplanting. See our video at

Article Source:
Article Url:

Article Added on Friday, November 21, 2014
Other Articles by Nancy Penrose

BigTreeSupply com Protecting Trees During the Winter
During the winter, cold temperatures, snow, excessive sun and strong winds can harm trees. Types of winter damage include broken branches from snow and ice, as well as damaged bark, branches and roots. Newer trees are more prone to injury than older, more established trees. Soil expands when it gets wet from rain, snow and ice, and contracts when it dries. Frequent changes in soil moisture can damage tree roots. Placing a layer of mulch around a young tree can help keep soil conditions more...

BigTreeSupply com Caring For Trees In Winter
Although trees go dormant in the winter, temperature changes can still cause tree stress. Even trees that are native to the region can become damaged from the cold, temperature variations and storms. Landscape and privacy trees can be particularly vulnerable if they are exposed and isolated. During the winter, temperatures can fluctuate dramatically. Daylight hours, when the sun is out and generating heat, are much warmer than nighttime, when the cold air can freeze even big trees. This...

BigTreeSupply com The Beautiful Birch Tree
Birch trees are members of the Betulaceae family and Betula genus. Betulaceae trees also include hornbeams, hazels and alders. The name “birch” comes from an Indo-European word meaning “white, bright, to shine.” Birch trees are deciduous trees with broad, simple leaves and fine-grained wood. The bark, which is typically light in color, can be easily removed from the tree. Birch trees grow well in acidic, well-drained soil. The trees have many uses. Their wood is used in furniture-making,...

BigTreeSupply com The Amazing Katsura Tree
Katsura is the common name of two species of big trees that are native to China and Japan. They are both members of the Cercidiphyllum genus, and relatives of the magnolia and tulip trees. The word “katsura” means tree in Japanese. According to folklore, the Katsura represents the joining of the earth and sky. The Katsura has a pyramid shape, and is well-suited for large-area landscapes, both as a shade and accent tree. It began appearing in Western gardens during the early part of the 19th...

BigTreeSupply com Root Rot in Pacific Northwest Trees
Root rot is one of the most serious types of big tree diseases. The health of a tree with root disease will deteriorate over time until the tree eventually dies. The rot, which can also affect the butts of big trees, is usually caused by fungi. Root rot is typically found in older trees or trees with damaged roots. Trees with root rot often have dieback, leaf loss and leaf discoloration. The tree’s growth is also stunted by the rot, both in height and diameter. The three most serious...

BigTreeSupply com How Trees Grow
Trees pass through many stages as they grow. If a tree starts its life as a seed, it will initially grow a short stem. Most of its energy will be used to continue the growing process. Young trees are typically small and thin. During this early period they are also vulnerable. Both seedlings and transplant trees will not only need space to grow but also protection from the environment. Tree growth will be centered around the root system and canopy. Branches will become long and slender. Very...

BigTreeSupply com Root Balling Trees for Fall
The successful moving and transplanting of a tree depends on several important factors, including the type of tree, where the tree is planted and how well it is prepared for planting. This preparation includes the methods used to dig the tree out of the ground and prepare its root ball. The term “root ball’ refers to the network of roots at the tree’s base. Most of a tree’s roots are in the top soil, while the deeper roots are located directly under the trunk of the tree and its leaf...

BigTreeSupply com Causes of Unhealthy Trees
There are many factors that can impact a tree’s health, including the environment, stress, improper maintenance and care, pests, injury and disease. In the beginning stages of a decline, it may not be obvious that the tree is in poor health. Symptoms of an unhealthy tree can include: * Poor (stunted) or no growth * The premature dropping of leaves * Early ripening * Localized areas of decay * Wilting * A decline in the volume of leaves * Leaf defects * Pest infestation * Trunk or...

BigTreeSupply com Tips on Landscaping with Trees
Trees are often an important part of a landscape design. Special, unusual trees used in landscaping are often referred to as ornamental trees. They are planted to enhance the appearance of the design. Many flowering trees are considered ornamental trees, as well as trees with interesting bark, leaves, structure and smell. Many tree varieties are also used in landscaping for shade, trees for privacy and backdrops. Before you purchase a tree, take some time to map out your overall landscape...

BigTreesSupply com Winter A Great Time for Selecting and Planting Trees
One of the best times to plant a deciduous tree is during the winter when it is dormant. The dormancy cycle starts in the fall, when the tree begins to perceive the changes in temperature and light. The process begins with the reduction of metabolic processes inside the tree’s trunk. A tree’s trunk is attached to, and supported by, its roots. In turn, the trunk supports the branches and foliage, which gives the tree its overall shape. The trunk is made up of several different layers. The...

Click here to see More Articles by Nancy Penrose
Publishers / Webmasters
Article ID: 485669
DELINK URL from Authors Bio
REMOVE Article
Tell A Friend
Leave A Comment!
Download this article in PDF
Report Article!
Search through all the articles:

177 Users Online!!
Related Articles:
Latest Articles:
Gardening >> Top 50 Articles on Gardening
Category - >
Advertising Advice Affiliate Programs Automobiles
Be Your Own Mentor Careers Communication Consumers
CopyWriting Crime Domain Names DoT com Entrepreneur Corner
Ebooks Ecommerce Education Email
Entertainment Environment Family Finance And Business
Food & Drink Gardening Health & Fitness Hobbies
Home Business Home Improvement Humour House Holds
Internet And Computers Kiddos and Teens Legal Matters Mail Order
Management Marketing Marriage MetaPhysical
Motivational MultiMedia Multi Level Marketing NewsLetters
Pets Psychology Religion Parenting
Politics Sales Science Search Engine Optimization
Site Promotion Sports Technology Travel
Web Development Web Hosting WeightLoss Women's Corner
Writing Miscellaneous Articles Real Estate Arts And Crafts

Disclaimer: The information presented and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the views of and/or its owners.

Copyright © AwareINDIA. All rights reserved || Privacy Policy || Terms Of Use || Author Guidelines || Free Articles
FAQs Link To Us || Submit An Article || Free Downloads|| Contact Us || Site Map  || Advertise with Us ||
Click here for Special webhosting packages for visitors of this website only!
Vastu Shastra

Unlimited Email Hosting Provided By AwareIndia

Company IDS