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Wedding Customs of Gorkha Biswakarma Kami





WEDDING CUSTOMS OF GORKHA BISWAKARMA(KAMI).

By replacing the ancient âManu Smritiâ the Indian Constitution has provided reservation to Viswakarma as âScheduled Casteâ. There is provision of equality in all Castes and Religion in the constitution. But these Viswakarma castes are still deprived of socially and economically.
However, being depressed socially and economically, the Hindu Shastra shows that Viswakarma caste are descended from Brahmins which is proved by following slokas:-
âबà¥à¤°à¤¹à¥à¤®à¤ªà¥à¤¤à¥à¤°à¥ विशà¥à¤µà¤à¤°à¥à¤®à¤¾ विशà¥à¤µà¤à¤°à¥à¤®à¤¾ सà¥à¤¤à¥ मय:
मयपà¥à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¥ तामà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤à¥à¤ सà¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤®à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤à¥à¤ तामाà¤à¥à¤ सनà¥à¤¤à¤¤à¤¿â।
Thus, Viswakarma or Viswabrahmins is the name given to a community comprising of Goldsmiths, Blacksmiths, Coppersmiths, Carpenters and sculptors having their territorial divisions. Like other Brahmins communities the Viswabrahmins also have elaborate pre-marriage and post-marriage rituals within Gorkha communities which is different from other Indian communities in India.
As such the Wedding Customs of Gorkha Viswakarmas are :-

1) Mangni or Swayamber :- This is the first of the pre-marriage rituals. During this time the parents of bridegroom will propose the brideâs family. After this agreement between the two families the family of bridegroom will go for âSodhaniâ to fix the auspicious date and time of the marriage. There is another ceremony of âKoseliâ (i.e. gifts demanded by the family of bride) before three days of marriage.

2) Bratabandha:- In this ceremony performed by individual families of the couple, both the boy and girl have to perform Pooja before proceeding for the marriage rituals in which the groom is given Janeu. Both the bride and bridegroom take a bath with turmeric and oil and wear cloths of marriage.

3) Varani :- After reaching the house of the girl, the father of the bride will perform a âVaraniâ rituals after cutting his hairs and fasting for the day. The Varani means the family of girl have accepted the boy as bridegroom.
(Clipping of Varani)
4) Dwarpali :- After the ceremony of âVaraniâ the bridegroom will sit in âYajnamadapâ. In Dwarpali rituals the bride will be taken out by brideâs brother carrying her in his back.
(Clipping of Dwarpali)

5) Goda Dhuney and Tika-Talo (Washing of feets of the couple and putting Tika):- After performing Pooja in âYajnamandapâ by the couple, the family of bride will wash the feets of both the bride and groom and put Rice-Tika in their forehead and also present the gifts. The guests attending the marriage ceremony are also allowed to put Tika and present the gifts to the couple.
(Clipping of Tika-Talo)
6) Paanigrahan or Kanyadaan :-
The bride is brought to the main door of the house where the âGotraâ of bride is changed with groomâs Gotra and the family of girl permanently handover the bride to the groom. After Kanyadaan the family of bride will not see the Pooja etc. in the Mandap.
(Clipping of Kanyadaan)

7) Sindoor Potey or Mangal Sutra :- The rituals of tying mangal sutra to bride is called âSindoor Poteyâ in Nepali. In this ceremony the groom will pour âSindoorâ on the head of bride and tie a âPoteyâ (Mangal Sutra) around the neck of the girl. After this ritual there are some entertaining games between bride and groom in order to spent the night. A Saptapadi ceremony is also perform at this time in which the couple circle the Mandap seven times.
(Clipping of Sindoor Potey)
8) Khando Jagaune (à¤à¤¾à¤à¤¡à¥ à¤à¤à¤¾à¤à¤¨à¥) :-
After having confirmed the bride as wife, the groom will have to prove his braveness by taking out the Kukuri from its case that he will promise to protect the wife from any kind of untoward incidents etc. in the life. This is an extraordinary rituals amongst Nepalese which is not seen in any other communities.
(Clipping of Khando Jagaune)
9) Medha Karma:-
In this ceremony the father of bride will carry the groom on his neck in order to place him on a high status.

10) Maur :-At the time of taking farewell from wedding house Mother used to give âSagunâ composed of milk and âMaurâ to bride which has to be surrendered in front of a Temple in between journey to the groomâs house. For taking back âMaurâ from bride, the groom has to promise something to the bride.
11) Runche Khaja :-
This ceremony is performed by the couple between journey to groomâs house in which the tiffin sent from brideâs house is given to groom as well as to the Janti.

12) Griha Pravesh :- In this ceremony the couple are welcomed with showering flower petals and tika by mother and other people attending the ceremony in groomâs house. Entering the house the bride has to lift the paddy-grains lying on the floor very carefully and at night massage feets of âSaashuâ i.e. mother-in-law.
(Clipping of Griha Pravesh)
Thus, in spite of having such rich culture as good as Brahmins, these Viswakarma peoples are deprived of socially, economically and educationally. As such the government who helps them in anyway by giving them âViswakarma Welfare Boardâ to raise their present status with sufficient moral courage in the society for the depressed classes in the country.

About Author Govind Singh Ghatani :

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