The practice of abortion is not a new thing, it has been known since ancient times. Earlier various methods have been used to perform or attempt an abortion like using those herbs which acts like abortifacient for a pregnant woman, the use of sharpened implements and other techniques. With the passing time, medical experts found the surgical method to terminate a pregnancy. In the early 19th century, the first surgical abortion has experimented which became a great success. This invention spread vigorously in all ends of the world. Suction aspiration and vacuum aspiration are the most common surgical methods to end a gestation up to 15 weeks.
Time passed and the medical experts exhibited another miracle for women and that miracle was abortion pills commonly known as medical abortion. These are abortifacient pharmaceuticals. This became the best alternative method of surgical abortion with the availability of prostaglandin analogs in the 1970s and the antiprogestogen Mifepristone in the 1980s. This became the suitable method to end an early pregnancy up to 9 weeks. Medical abortion is considered to be more effective than the surgical one, especially when clinical practice does not include detailed inspection of aspirated tissue. The procedure includes the intake of Mifepristone drug following by Misoprostol after 24 to 72 hours.
The best thing about the medical abortion is its 98% success rate when performed before 63 days of gestation and no chances of having any kind of infection. The process is more like a miscarriage. When the first medicine, Mifepristone is administrated, it instantly stops nutrients to reach the progesterone hormone. Progesterone is the main hormone in the fetus. The medicine disables the hormone to do its job and thus, the fetus dies in lack of nutrients. The next medicine Misoprostol clears the cervix walls and flushes out the dead tissues of the fetus out of the body.
Having cramps and heavy bleeding is the sign of procedure completion and these symptoms take almost 1-2 weeks to fade away. Normal side effects like a headache, diarrhoea, vomiting and nausea can occur but do not last long.
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Article Added on Monday, September 24, 2018
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